Plum found in backyards everywhere. Unpretentious culture happy gardeners in good yields. The breeders brought a large number of hybrids with excellent eating qualities. To choose a suitable grade is to look at a photo of plum and after examining the characteristics of any variations.
Fruit used fresh, for cooking and preservation. It contains many useful substances necessary for the normal functioning of the human body. Low-calorie product promotes blood thinners, cholesterol lowering blood pressure.
Modern types of crops can be selected for any region. Planting several varieties, you can grow your own plum orchard. A huge number of types will allow each grower to find the fruit to taste, and proper selection of seedlings ensure a bountiful harvest.
Description of varieties
Alyonushka has a large reddish fruit with a round shape. The bone in this type of poorly separated. Tender and juicy flesh has a pleasant sweet-sour taste.
Stenley refers to a group of plums de-stoned. She has dark purple elongated fruit, which can be drying. Of them get a great plum.
Large Golden plum ripens in late fall. It gives high yields, sweet and sour fruit stores well. Mature trees are resistant to frost, drought, different diseases.
Kubanskaya Kometa very productive, has a small fruit oval. Delicious and juicy plums to try in July, August. They Mature, bone from the pulp is not separated.
Early before the drain begins to bear fruit. Requires the landing of a number of trees that will act as pollinators. Small fruits with a waxy bloom on the same plant can be yellow, orange and red colors. This variety has yellow, juicy pulp.
Blue the gift has an oval purple fruit flavor and sugar content which are average. The juicy pulp has a yellow-green color. The tree has a high frost resistance, samoplodnye, but the fruits have small weight.
Top hit is a late cultivar, derived by German breeders. It has a sweet, large fruit ovate. They ripen in September, October. This view is popular, bone it is well separated. Winter-hardy plum has a high transportability.
This culture superbly growing on different soil types. It relates to moisture-loving plants, but it does not tolerate shading by other trees, buildings.
In the region with a cool climate tree planted in the spring. The site must be prepared in advance. In areas with mild winters the plant can be planted in September so that they have time to take root before the cold weather.
Novice gardeners do not always know where to put the sink. Next should grow 1-2 tree of another variety. This will ensure stable fruiting.
Need to know how to plant plum, that it pleased every year with a bountiful harvest. It is important to choose the right place for her.
The tree prefers Sunny areas and does not like strong winds. It has an extensive root system, which should not be washed by groundwater. You also need to consider how much distance to leave between seedlings.
The growing and care of plum
When planting in the ground make fertilizer. In the first years of the tree does not need fertilizer. Then every 2-3 years provide it with fertilizers to achieve active growth. Make the dressing depending on plant variety, time of year. It is required not only to ensure a good harvest, but also to protect from pests, resistance of the tree to various diseases.
The best time to apply fertilizer is late autumn when the soil is dug up. Used mainly phosphate, potash compounds. With the onset of heat to fruit use substances containing nitrogen.
A spring in ground a lot of moisture, so the tree doesn’t need watering. The need for water is felt in the formation of the fruit in the summer. Plum should be watered when the growth of shoots, the week before harvest in a dry autumn. If the moisture is not enough, the ovary can start to fall from the tree.
Plum pruning is done every year. The procedure of thinning is to remove unnecessary branches, shortening the shoots that grow upwards. Cut last year’s growth to a new fruiting branches.
The work is carried out with a special tool. Place slices treated with soda pitch. Basic and skeletal branches should be pointing in different directions.
Autumn pruning is usually carried out in the southern regions, Northern regions it is performed in the spring. In mid-September exercise remove dry and damaged branches, cut off the top, if she has grown a lot. All shoots clipped burn to avoid further proliferation of pests.
Protection from diseases and pest
To grow a healthy and fertile garden is a dream of every owner of the plot. But you often have to deal with various diseases of culture. If time does not take action, it can lead to loss of yield and even death of the tree. The most common diseases affecting plum:
- Brown spotting is manifested in characteristic spots and small black spots, which are the spores of the fungus. Gradually the spots enlarge, the leaves begin to curl and fall off. Fruit rot affects the fruit, in which there is damage. Curl leads to warping and Curling of leaves, defoliation. Pockets plum lead to a strange development of the fruit. They are drawn, bones are not formed. Sooty fungus causes the coating leaves a black coating.
At the first signs of the disease, should immediately take action. It is better to carry out preventive measures.
Pests of plums
Moth causes significant damage to the crop. Caterpillars are gray butterfly penetrate the ovary and grow at the expense of the fruit flesh.
Aphid sucks the SAP from leaves and fruit.
Black Sawfly. Its larvae damage the pulp of the fruit and the seed.
Leaf rollers deforms the sheets, bonding them into a ball.
Spraying and pest control should be carried out to the garden stayed healthy and produced every year. To reduce the risk of infection will allow regular inspection of trees, the use of preventive measures. This will improve the yield of plum fruit quality.
Photo of plum